Besuchen sie die grösste Inselnation der Südsee, die Solomon Islands, mit dem Schweizer Reisespezialisten für Südsee-Gebiete Pacific Pearls Travel. Vor Gründung des unabhängigen Inselstaats Salomonen wurde die gesamte Inselgruppe vereinzelt auch „Salomonen“ genannt. Die Salomon-Inseln erstrecken. Auf den Inseln Guadalcanal einschließlich der Hauptstadt Honiara und Malaita besteht die Gefahr von kriminellen Übergriffen und Diebstählen.
Salomon-InselnBesuchen sie die grösste Inselnation der Südsee, die Solomon Islands, mit dem Schweizer Reisespezialisten für Südsee-Gebiete Pacific Pearls Travel. Auf den Inseln Guadalcanal einschließlich der Hauptstadt Honiara und Malaita besteht die Gefahr von kriminellen Übergriffen und Diebstählen. Die Salomon-Inseln oder Salomonen sind eine südöstlich von Neuguinea gelegene Inselgruppe im Südpazifik. Der gegründete Inselstaat Salomonen.
Salomon-Inseln Top Goalscorers VideoSOLOMON ISLANDS: Busy capital city of Honiara 😲, let's go for a walk! (Pacific Ocean)
Gwaunau'ru Malaita Village. Tenaru Waterfalls East of Honiara Waterfall. Marovo Lagoon Marovo Lagoon offers plenty of exhilarating dives for both experts and novices.
Kolombangara A perfect cone-shaped volcano that rises to m, Kolombangara looms majestically on the horizon, northeast of Ghizo Island.
Mbabanga Island A mere minute boat ride south of Gizo, this island has a brochure-esque appeal, with an expansive lagoon and a string of white-sand beaches.
Tulagi Another world awaits just a two-hour boat ride from Honiara, either on Tulagi or Savo. Global expansion is on the rise, and businesses that want to continue to grow are going to have to send their teams abroad.
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Diese wurden durch den Samoa-Vertrag für weite Teile des Pazifiks beigelegt. Weltkrieg kam es zwischen Japan und den USA zu erbitterten Gefechten in der Region, die zu den blutigsten der Kriegsgeschichte gehören.
Der Staat gehört seitdem zum Commonwealth. Admiral William Halsey , the commander of Allied forces during the Battle for Guadalcanal, recognised the coastwatchers' contributions by stating "The coastwatchers saved Guadalcanal and Guadalcanal saved the South Pacific.
American Marines rest during the Guadalcanal Campaign. American forces landing at Rendova Island. The coastwatcher Jacob C.
Vouza on Guadalcanal. In —4 the Malaita-based chief Aliki Nono'ohimae had founded the Maasina Rule movement aka the Native Council Movement, literally 'Brotherhood Rule' , and was later joined by another chief, Hoasihau.
With decolonisation sweeping the colonial world, and Britain no longer willing or able to bear the financial burdens of the Empire, the colonial authorities sought to prepare the Solomons for self-governance.
Appointed Executive and Legislative Councils were established in , with a degree of elected Solomon Islander representation introduced in and then extended in Mamaloni made efforts to make the Solomons a republic, however these were unsuccessful.
Meanwhile, the country's financial situation continued to deteriorate, with much of the budget coming from the logging industry, often conducted at an unsustainable rate, not helped by Mamaloni's creation of a 'discretionary fund' for use by politicians, which fostered fraud and corruption.
On 5 June Ulufa'alu was kidnapped by the MEF who felt that, although he was a Malaitan, he was not doing enough to protect their interests.
Leslie Boseto. However, Sogavare's election was immediately shrouded in controversy because six MPs thought to be supporters of Boseto were unable to attend parliament for the crucial vote.
By early the economy had collapsed and the government was bankrupt. Law and order deteriorated as the nature of the conflict shifted: there was continuing violence on the Weathercoast, whilst militants in Honiara increasingly turned their attention to crime, extortion and banditry.
In December , Finance Minister Laurie Chan resigned after being forced at gunpoint to sign a cheque made out to some of the militants.
However allegations that Rini had used bribes from Chinese businessmen to buy the votes of members of Parliament led to mass rioting in the capital Honiara , concentrated on the city's Chinatown area.
A deep underlying resentment against the minority Chinese business community led to much of Chinatown in the city being destroyed.
China sent chartered aircraft to evacuate hundreds of Chinese who fled to avoid the riots. Rini eventually resigned before facing a motion of no-confidence in Parliament, and Parliament elected Manasseh Sogavare as Prime Minister.
Sogavare struggled to assert his authority and was also hostile to the Australian presence in the country; after one failed attempt, he was removed in no confidence vote in and replaced by Derek Sikua of the Solomon Islands Liberal Party.
Solomon Islands is a constitutional monarchy and has a parliamentary system of government. There is a unicameral parliament of 50 members, elected for four-year terms.
However, Parliament may be dissolved by majority vote of its members before the completion of its term. Parliamentary representation is based on single-member constituencies.
Suffrage is universal for citizens over age Each ministry is headed by a cabinet member, who is assisted by a permanent secretary , a career public servant who directs the staff of the ministry.
Solomon Islands governments are characterised by weak political parties see List of political parties in Solomon Islands and highly unstable parliamentary coalitions.
They are subject to frequent votes of no confidence , leading to frequent changes in government leadership and cabinet appointments. Land ownership is reserved for Solomon Islanders.
The law provides that resident expatriates, such as the Chinese and Kiribati , may obtain citizenship through naturalisation. Land generally is still held on a family or village basis and may be handed down from mother or father according to local custom.
The islanders are reluctant to provide land for nontraditional economic undertakings, and this has resulted in continual disputes over land ownership.
No military forces are maintained by Solomon Islands although a police force of nearly includes a border protection unit.
The police also are responsible for fire service, disaster relief, and maritime surveillance. The police force is headed by a commissioner, appointed by the governor-general and responsible to the prime minister.
On 27 December , the Solomon Islands Government took steps to prevent the country's Australian police chief from returning to the Pacific nation.
On 12 January , Australia replaced its top diplomat expelled from Solomon Islands for political interference in a conciliatory move aimed at easing a four-month dispute between the two countries.
On 13 December , Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare was toppled by a vote of no confidence in Parliament,  following the defection of five ministers to the opposition.
It was the first time a prime minister had lost office in this way in Solomon Islands. The Governor General appoints the other justices with the advice of a judicial commission.
Until September , it was one of the few countries to recognise the Republic of China Taiwan and maintain formal diplomatic relations with the latter.
A peace accord on Bougainville removed the armed threat, and the two nations regularised border operations in a agreement.
In March , at the 34th regular session of the UN Human Rights Council, Vanuatu made a joint statement on behalf of Solomon Islands and some other Pacific nations raising human rights violations in the Western New Guinea , which has been occupied by Indonesia since ,  and requested that the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights produce a report.
Although the locally recruited British Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force was part of Allied Forces taking part in fighting in the Solomons during the Second World War, the country has not had any regular military forces since independence.
The police budget of Solomon Islands has been strained due to a four-year civil war. For local government, the country is divided into ten administrative areas, of which nine are provinces administered by elected provincial assemblies and the tenth is the capital Honiara, administered by the Honiara Town Council.
There are human rights concerns and issues in regards to education, water, sanitation, gender equality, and domestic violence.
Homosexuality is illegal in Solomon Islands. Bougainville is geographically part of the Solomon Islands archipelago but politically part of Papua New Guinea.
The islands' ocean-equatorial climate is extremely humid throughout the year, with a mean temperature of June through August is the cooler period.
Though seasons are not pronounced, the northwesterly winds of November through April bring more frequent rainfall and occasional squalls or cyclones.
The Solomon Islands archipelago is part of two distinct terrestrial ecoregions. Most of the islands are part of the Solomon Islands rain forests ecoregion, which also includes the islands of Bougainville and Buka; these forests have come under pressure from forestry activities.
The Santa Cruz Islands are part of the Vanuatu rain forests ecoregion, together with the neighbouring archipelago of Vanuatu. Soil quality ranges from extremely rich volcanic there are volcanoes with varying degrees of activity on some of the larger islands to relatively infertile limestone.
More than varieties of orchids and other tropical flowers brighten the landscape. Phillip Mango. Timothy Mae'arasia. Desmond Tutu.
John Aeta. Hadisi Aengari. Michael Boso. Andrew Rarangia. Emmanuel Poila. Boni Pride. Allen Peter. Patrick Taroga. The formal name was British Solomon Islands Protectorate.
The country became independent on This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions. The postwar division of Solomon Islands was as follows.