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Viking Runen Viking Runes and their Use VideoThe Names of the Runes (Elder Futhark)
Viking Initials Wiescher Design. Gothic Gothic Text Typeco. Old English Regular Monotype. Shamus International TypeFounders, Inc.
Our word alphabet comes from the Greek letters alpha and beta. Similarly, modern experts have termed runic alphabets futharks or futhorks , based on the first six letters of Elder Futhark which roughly correspond to our F, U, Th, A, R, and K.
Elder Futhark earns its designation because it is the oldest-discovered complete runic system, appearing in order on the Kylver Stone from Gotland, Sweden, dated from the dawn of the Migration Era around the year Roughly 50 runestones have been found.
Some of the raised runestones first appear in the fourth and fifth century in Norway and Sweden. And in Denmark as early as the eighth and ninth century.
Elder Futhark has 24 runes, and over the next few centuries became widely used amongst the many Germanic tribes that vied for survival throughout Europe.
The Younger Futhark has only 16 runes, not because the language was becoming simpler but because it was becoming more complicated.
Phonetically, the runes of the Younger Futhark were working double-duty to cover the changes that were differentiating the Norse tongues from that of other Germanic peoples.
The transfer of writing language from southern Europe to the northern passed through Germanic warbands. Writing and reading in Norse runes is a complicated process.
The charts provided below will help those who want to get more details on how to transliterate their names or to find associations with a particular meaning related to nature and sustainability.
Runes were carved on wood, metal, stones, etc. Runestones are the stones covered with runic inscriptions.
They were not only used as memorials to departed men — more than 3 runestones were found in Scandinavia.
Kjula Runestone is the most famous runestone. Its origin is in Södermanland, Sweden. Kjula is an excellent example of Viking runestone as a celebration of Viking heroism, courage and honor.
Odin is the god of wisdom, magic, poetry, death, and divination. In the pantheon of Norse gods, he was the main god. Through his self-devotion and suffering, he has brought the runes.
The legend says Odin has been hanging on the tree, well-known Yggdrasil tree for nine nights. Hunger, pain, and thirst tormented him. His falchion wounded him.
Being alone and close to death, he saw the runes. He gathered all his efforts, reached for the runes, and got the runes.
Being equipped with the knowledge Odin has become the most accomplished beings in the cosmos. The medieval runes are probably the runes that people recognise best.
There was further development in the 16 th century into the dalecarlian runes or dalrunes that were in use in the Swedish province of Dalarna right up until the 20 th century.
For this reason. The Viking period kicked off with Norse still using the Elder Futhark , which is the one that most closely resembles the Italic scripts that it came from.
The 4 th century Gothic alphabet, derived by the Greeks to translate the bible, contains two characters than can only have come from runes.
The Futhark consists of 24 runes. Each rune likely had a name, chosen to represent the sound of the rune itself. The names of the runes are preserved in the Old English Rune Poem, which contains stanzas about each character along with 5 from the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc.
In Elder Futhark we have:. Several of the runes show no variation from the Italic alphabets and how the developed into the Latin alphabet.
The invention of Elder Futhark has been ascribed to a single person or small group. These were likely mercenaries in the Roman Army or merchants who traded in the region.
Once he knew that the runes carried the destinies of all beings in the cosmos, he desired to decipher runes. To obtain the ability to decipher runes, Odin had to physically sacrifice.
He hung himself on the branch of Yggdrasil the Great Tree of Life for nine days and nine nights.
Moreover, he got stabbed by his own spear Gungnir and did not eat or drink during his whole sacrifice. After all, Odin managed to get the meaning of runes and he decided to introduce this magical alphabet to the cosmos.
Zurück zur vorherigen Seite Startseite. Neun Tage hingst du an Yggdrasils zweigen. Neun lange Nächte für 16 magische Zeichen.
Die verschiedenen Runenreihen Das sogenannte Futhark, welches seinen Namen von den ersten sechs Runen der damaligen Runenfolge hatte, gibt es in den verschiedensten Formen.
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